Brown 2022 Redox Biol

From Bioblast
Publications in the MiPMap
Brown JL, Peelor FF 3rd, Georgescu C, Wren JD, Kinter M, Tyrrell VJ, O'Donnell VB, Miller BF, Van Remmen H (2022) Lipid hydroperoxides and oxylipins are mediators of denervation induced muscle atrophy.

Β» Redox Biol 57:102518. PMID: 36283174 Open Access

Brown Jacob L, Peelor Frederick F 3rd, Georgescu Constantin, Wren Jonathan D, Kinter Michael, Tyrrell Victoria J, O'Donnell Valerie B, Miller Benjamin F, Van Remmen Holly (2022) Redox Biol

Abstract: Loss of innervation is a key driver of age associated muscle atrophy and weakness (sarcopenia). Our laboratory has previously shown that denervation induced atrophy is associated with the generation of mitochondrial hydroperoxides and lipid mediators produced downstream of cPLA2 and 12/15 lipoxygenase (12/15-LOX). To define the pathological impact of lipid hydroperoxides generated in denervation-induced atrophy in vivo, we treated mice with liproxstatin-1, a lipid hydroperoxide scavenger. We treated adult male mice with 5 mg/kg liproxstain-1 or vehicle one day prior to sciatic nerve transection and daily for 7 days post-denervation before tissue analysis. Liproxstatin-1 treatment protected gastrocnemius mass and fiber cross sectional area (∼40% less atrophy post-denervation in treated versus untreated mice). Mitochondrial hydroperoxide generation was reduced 80% in vitro and by over 65% in vivo by liproxstatin-1 treatment in denervated permeabilized muscle fibers and decreased the content of 4-HNE by ∼25% post-denervation. Lipidomic analysis revealed detectable levels of 25 oxylipins in denervated gastrocnemius muscle and significantly increased levels for eight oxylipins that are generated by metabolism of fatty acids through 12/15-LOX. Liproxstatin-1 treatment reduced the level of three of the eight denervation-induced oxylipins, specifically 15-HEPE, 13-HOTrE and 17-HDOHE. Denervation elevated protein degradation rates in muscle and treatment with liproxstatin-1 reduced rates of protein breakdown in denervated muscle. In contrast, protein synthesis rates were unchanged by denervation. Targeted proteomics revealed a number of proteins with altered expression after denervation but no effect of liproxstain-1. Transcriptomic analysis revealed 203 differentially expressed genes in denervated muscle from vehicle or liproxstatin-1 treated mice, including ER stress, nitric oxide signaling, GΞ±i signaling, glucocorticoid receptor signaling, and other pathways. Overall, these data suggest lipid hydroperoxides and oxylipins are key drivers of increased protein breakdown and muscle loss associated with denervation induced atrophy and a potential target for sarcopenia intervention. β€’ Keywords: Lipoxygenase, Mitochondria, Neuromuscular junction, ROS, Skeletal β€’ Bioblast editor: Plangger M β€’ O2k-Network Lab: US OK Oklahoma City Miller BF, US OK Oklahoma City Van Remmen H

Labels: MiParea: Respiration  Pathology: Other 

Organism: Mouse  Tissue;cell: Skeletal muscle  Preparation: Permeabilized tissue 

Coupling state: LEAK, OXPHOS  Pathway: N, S, CIV, NS, ROX  HRR: Oxygraph-2k, O2k-Fluorometer 

2022-11, AmR 

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