Gupte 2009 Diabetes

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Gupte AA, Bomhoff GL, Swerdlow RH, Geiger PC (2009) Heat treatment improves glucose tolerance and prevents skeletal muscle insulin resistance in rats fed a high-fat diet. Diabetes 58:567-78.

» PMID: 19073766 Open Access

Gupte AA, Bomhoff GL, Swerdlow RH, Geiger PC (2009) Diabetes

Abstract: OBJECTIVE—Heat treatment and overexpression of heat shock protein 72 (HSP72) have been shown to protect against high-fat diet–induced insulin resistance, but little is known about the underlying mechanism or the target tissue of HSP action. The purpose of this study is to determine whether in vivo heat treatment can prevent skeletal muscle insulin resistance. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS—Male Wistar rats were fed a high-fat diet (60% calories from fat) for 12 weeks and received a lower-body heat treatment (41°C for 20 min) once per week.

RESULTS—Our results show that heat treatment shifts the metabolic characteristics of rats on a high-fat diet toward those on a standard diet. Heat treatment improved glucose tolerance, restored insulin-stimulated glucose transport, and increased insulin signaling in soleus and extensor digitorum longus (EDL) muscles from rats fed a high-fat diet. Heat treatment resulted in decreased activation of Jun NH2-terminal kinase (JNK) and inhibitor of kB kinase (IKK-β), stress kinases implicated in insulin resistance, and upregulation of HSP72 and HSP25, proteins previously shown to inhibit JNK and IKK-β activation, respectively. Mitochondrial citrate synthase and cytochrome oxidase activity decreased slightly with the high-fat diet, but heat treatment restored these activities. Data from L6 cells suggest that one bout of heat treatment increases mitochondrial oxygen consumption and fatty acid oxidation.

CONCLUSIONS—Our results indicate that heat treatment protects skeletal muscle from high-fat diet–induced insulin resistance and provide strong evidence that HSP induction in skeletal muscle could be a potential therapeutic treatment for obesity induced insulin resistance diabetes.

Keywords: Heat shock protein 72 (HSP72), Insulin, High-fat diet, Mitochondria

O2k-Network Lab: US KS Kansas City Swerdlow RH

Labels: MiParea: Respiration, Exercise physiology;nutrition;life style  Pathology: Diabetes 

Organism: Rat  Tissue;cell: Skeletal muscle 

Enzyme: Complex III, Complex IV;cytochrome c oxidase  Regulation: ADP, Substrate, Temperature, Fatty acid  Coupling state: OXPHOS 

HRR: Oxygraph-2k