Kimoloi 2019 MiPschool Coimbra

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Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) maintenance defects impairs muscle stem cells regenerative efficiency.

Link: MitoEAGLE

Kimoloi S, Baris OR, Wiesner RJ (2019)

Event: MiPschool Coimbra 2019


Muscle satellite cells (MuScs) play an important role in the regeneration of skeletal muscle during the postnatal life [1]. However, their regenerative efficiency declines with aging, a phenomenon that might be due to both intrinsic and extrinsic factors [2,3]. One of the putative intrinsic factors might be loss of mtDNA integrity-induced mitochondrial dysfunction. We therefore generated a mouse strain which expresses, upon Pax7-driven Cre-recombination (Rosa26-Stop-construct), a dominant-negative mutant of the mitochondrial helicase Twinkle [4], thus strongly enhancing the generation of ΔmtDNA molecules in MuSCs. Tibialis anterior muscles of these mice and age-matched controls were then injured with cardiotoxin and the regeneration efficiency analysed at different time points post- injury. Histochemical analysis revealed markedly impaired regeneration as demonstrated by altered tissue architecture, increased collagen fibrosis, fiber atrophy as well as immune cells and adipocyte infiltration. These findings indicate that ΔmtDNA-induced mitochondrial dysfunction is indeed an important factor that impairs MuSCs regenerative efficiency. Targeted therapeutic strategies to maintain MuSCs mtDNA integrity and mitochondrial function, might thus potentially sustain regenerative capacity of skeletal muscle. The generated mouse model is a valuable model to test such strategies in future.

Keywords: Muscle ageing, Regeneration, Mitochondria, Muscle stem cells-fibrosis Bioblast editor: Plangger M

Labels: MiParea: mtDNA;mt-genetics  Pathology: Aging;senescence 

Organism: Mouse  Tissue;cell: Stem cells 


Kimoloi S(1), Baris OR(1), Wiesner RJ(1,2,3)
  1. Center Physiology Pathophysiology, Inst Vegetative Physiology, Medical Fac
  2. Center Molecular Medicine Cologne, CMMC; Univ Köln
  3. Cologne Excellence Cluster Cellular Stress Responses Ageing-associated Diseases (CECAD); Köln, Germany


Kimoloi Figure1.jpg

Figure 1: Mitochondrial DNA maintainance defecfects in MuSc results in fibrosis, fat infiltration and ragged red phenotype in regenerated muscles. A and B) Sirius red staining analysis showing increased fibrosis at 30 and 120d post CTX injury, C and D) oil O red showing increased adipocyte infiltration in mutant mice at 30 and 120d post CTX injury, E) modified Gomori trichrome staining indicating presence of RRFs in mutant mice, F) serial sections stained for COX-SDH and Gomori trichrome. **p<0.01 t-test *p<0.05 two-way ANOVA, Scale bar=100µm.


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