Kus 2008 Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab

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Kus V, Prazak T, Brauner P, Hensler M, Kuda O, Flachs P, Janovska P, Medrikova D, Rossmeisl M, Jilkova Z, Stefl B, Pastalkova E, Drahota Z, Houstek J, Kopecky J (2008) Induction of muscle thermogenesis by high-fat diet in mice: Association with obesity-resistance. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 295:356-67.

» PMID: 18492779 Open Access

Kus V, Prazak T, Brauner P, Hensler M, Kuda O, Flachs P, Janovska P, Medrikova D, Rossmeisl M, Jilkova Z, Stefl B, Pastalkova E, Drahota Z, Houstek J, Kopecky J (2008) Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab

Abstract: The obesogenic effect of a high-fat (HF) diet is counterbalanced by stimulation of energy expenditure and lipid oxidation in response to a meal. The aim of this study was to reveal whether muscle nonshivering thermogenesis could be stimulated by a HF diet, especially in obesity-resistant A/J compared with obesity-prone C57BL/6J (B/6J) mice. Experiments were performed on male mice born and maintained at 30 degrees C. Four-week-old mice were randomly weaned onto a low-fat (LF) or HF diet for 2 wk. In the A/J LF mice, cold exposure (4 degrees C) resulted in hypothermia, whereas the A/J HF, B/6J LF, and B/6J HF mice were cold tolerant. Cold sensitivity of the A/J LF mice was associated with a relatively low whole body energy expenditure under resting conditions, which was normalized by the HF diet. In both strains, the HF diet induced uncoupling protein-1-mediated thermogenesis, with a stronger induction in A/J mice. Only in A/J mice: 1) the HF diet augmented activation of whole body lipid oxidation by cold; and 2) at 30 degrees C, oxygen consumption, total content, and phosphorylation of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), and AICAR-stimulated palmitate oxidation in soleus muscle was increased by the HF diet in parallel with significantly increased leptinemia. Gene expression data in soleus muscle of the A/J HF mice indicated a shift from carbohydrate to fatty acid oxidation. Our results suggest a role for muscle nonshivering thermogenesis and lipid oxidation in the obesity-resistant phenotype of A/J mice and indicate that a HF diet could induce thermogenesis in oxidative muscle, possibly via the leptin-AMPK axis.


O2k-Network Lab: CZ Prague Houstek J, CZ Prague Kopecky J, CZ Hradec Kralove Cervinkova Z


Labels: MiParea: Respiration, Genetic knockout;overexpression, Exercise physiology;nutrition;life style  Pathology: Obesity 

Organism: Mouse 


Regulation: Aerobic glycolysis, ADP, Substrate 


HRR: Oxygraph-2k