Little 2017 Comp Biochem Physiol B Biochem Mol Biol
|Little AG, Lau G, Mathers KE, Leary SC, Moyes CD (2017) Comparative biochemistry of cytochrome c oxidase in animals. Comp Biochem Physiol B Biochem Mol Biol 224:170-84.|
Abstract: Cytochrome c oxidase (COX), the terminal enzyme of the electron transport system, is central to aerobic metabolism of animals. Many aspects of its structure and function are highly conserved, yet, paradoxically, it is also an important model for studying the evolution of the metabolic phenotype. In this review, part of a special issue honouring Peter Hochachka, we consider the biology of COX from the perspective of comparative and evolutionary biochemistry. The approach is to consider what is known about the enzyme in the context of conventional biochemistry, but focus on how evolutionary researchers have used this background to explore the role of the enzyme in biochemical adaptation of animals. In synthesizing the conventional and evolutionary biochemistry, we hope to identify synergies and future research opportunities. COX represents a rare opportunity for researchers to design studies that span the breadth of biology: molecular genetics, protein biochemistry, enzymology, metabolic physiology, organismal performance, evolutionary biology, and phylogeography.
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