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Bioblasts - Richard Altmann and MiPArt by Odra Noel
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Normothermia in endotherms is a state when body core temperature is regulated within standard limits. In humans, normothermia is considered as a body temperature of 36.4 to 37.8 °C. Normothermia, however, has a different definition in the context of ectotherms. » MiPNet article

Reference: Sund-Levander 2002 Scand J Caring Sci

MitoPedia concepts: MiP concept 

Normothermia: from endotherms to ectotherms

Publications in the MiPMap
Gnaiger E (2014) Normothermia: from endotherms to ectotherms. Mitochondr Physiol Network 2014-04-18.

Oroboros (2014) MiPNet

Abstract: Experimental temperature in general and in comparative mitochondrial physiology has become a hot topic where normothermia needs careful consideration.

O2k-Network Lab: AT Innsbruck Gnaiger E

Are mitochondria ectothermic organisms?

Isolated mitochondria and cells in culture are effectively ectothermic. In either case, the physiological background defines the proper normothermic experimental conditions. Many studies on mammalian mt-preparations have been carried out at 25 °C or 30 °C, which are effectively hypothermic. The normothermic temperature of 37 °C is close to the core temperature of many mammals, but should be increased to a higher temperature for many birds.

Related terms in MitoPedia


» O2k-Publications: Temperature


Regulation: Temperature 

HRR: Theory