Okada 2021 Front Physiol
|Okada Y, Paton JFR, López-Barneo J, Wilson RJA, Marina N, Pokorski M (2021) Editorial: Hypoxia and cardiorespiratory control. https://doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2021.820815|
» Front Physiol 12:820815. Open Access
Abstract: To maintain adequate oxygen levels in the body, which is essential for a healthy life, the respiratory and cardiovascular systems play vitally important roles. When the oxygen content is insufficient, i.e., when hypoxia is loaded, respiratory and cardiovascular systems respond to restore, compensate, or adapt to hypoxia, e.g., by increasing ventilation and blood flow to maintain oxygen transport to vital organs. Traditionally, it has been thought that hypoxia is detected solely by carotid and aortic bodies, i.e., by peripheral chemoreceptors, and information from the peripheral chemoreceptors is transmitted to respiratory and cardiovascular centers in the brainstem whose respiratory and cardiovascular neural outputs are regulated. However, recent progress in neurophysiology has clarified that there are hypoxia-sensors not only in the periphery but also in the central nervous system. Hypoxia also affects the vascular system causing atherosclerosis and pulmonary hypertension and impairs blood glucose regulation that also facilitates atherosclerosis. The effects of hypoxia on vital organs and tissues vary depending on the modality of hypoxia exposure, i.e., acute, chronically sustained, or intermittent hypoxia. Although these issues have been vigorously investigated, the underlying mechanisms are yet to be unraveled. Likewise, long-range consequences for organ and tissue functions affected by hypoxia have not been fully elucidated. In the article collection of this Research Topic, a series of studies report the latest and most notable pathophysiological findings that are categorized into four areas: respiratory control, glucose metabolism, pulmonary hypertension, and sympathetic nervous system activation. The articles attempt to clarify many of the unsolved issues summarized below.
• Bioblast editor: Gnaiger E
Labels: MiParea: Respiration
Stress:Hypoxia Organism: Human Tissue;cell: Nervous system Preparation: Intact organism