Pecina 2014 Biochim Biophys Acta Clinical
|Pecina P, Houstkova H, Mracek T, Pecinova A, Nuskova H.Tesarova M, Hansikova H, Janota J, Zemanc J, Houstek J (2014) Noninvasive diagnostics of mitochondrial disorders in isolated lymphocytes with high resolution respirometry. Biochim Biophys Acta Clinical 2:62–71.|
Abstract: Mitochondrial diseases belong to the most severe inherited metabolic disorders affecting pediatric population. Despite detailed knowledge of mtDNA mutations and progress in identification of affected nuclear genes, diagnostics of a substantial part of mitochondrial diseases relies on clinical symptoms and biochemical data from muscle biopsies and cultured fibroblasts.
To investigate manifestation of oxidative phosphorylation defects in isolated lymphocytes, digitoninpermeabilized cells from48 children were analyzed by high resolution respirometry, cytofluorometric detection of mitochondrial membrane potential and immunodetection of respiratory chain proteins with SDS and Blue Native electrophoreses.
Evaluation of individual respiratory complex activities, ATP synthesis, kinetic parameters of mitochondrial respiratory chain and the content and subunit composition of respiratory chain complexes enabled detection of inborn defects of respiratory Complexes I, IV and V within 2 days. Low respiration with NADH-dependent substrates and increased respiration with glycerol-3-phosphate revealed Complex I defects; changes in p50 for oxygen and elevated uncoupling control ratio pointed to complex IV deficiency due to SURF1 or SCO2 mutation; high oligomycin sensitivity of state 3-ADP respiration, upregulated mitochondrial membrane potential and low content of Complex V were found in lymphocytes with ATP synthase deficiency due to TMEM70 mutations.
Based on our results, we propose the best biochemical parameters predictive for defects of respiratory Complexes I, IV andVmanifesting in peripheral blood lymphocytes.
The noninvasiveness, reliability and speed of an approach utilizing novel biochemical criteria demonstrate the high potential of isolated lymphocytes for diagnostics of oxidative phosphorylation disorders in pediatric patients.
• Keywords: Lymphocytes, Respirometry, Oxidative phosphorylation, Mitochondrial diseases, Diagnostics
• O2k-Network Lab: CZ Prague Houstek J
Labels: MiParea: Respiration, Instruments;methods, Patients
Organism: Human Tissue;cell: Blood cells, Lymphocyte Preparation: Permeabilized cells
Regulation: Inhibitor Coupling state: LEAK, OXPHOS Pathway: N, Gp, CIV, Other combinations, ROX HRR: Oxygraph-2k
Blood cell preparation