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A preprint is {Quote} a way in which a manuscript containing scientific results can be rapidly communicated from one scientist, or a group of scientists, to the entire scientific community {end of Quote}.

Reference: What are preprints? (2016)

Preprints for Gentle Science

MitoFit Preprint Arch.png

» MitoFit Preprint Archives - The Open Access preprint server for mitochondrial physiology and bioenergetics

» MitoPedia: Preprints

References and quotes

  • We face the reproducibility crisis in the battle to separate doubtful data from relevant information. This is linked to the inflation crisis emanating from an exponential increase of scientific articles published per day. Unsustainable exponential growth leads to the value-impact crisis in the struggle to forge scientific innovation into knowledge and community benefits.
  • Publications as a currency of scientific output are subject to an increasing inflation rate.
  • Scientific papers are a currency, in contrast to scientific output in terms of goods and services provided by research.
  • Both, traditional journal publications and preprints contribute towards progress in improving the scientific goods and services, even at an increased inflation rate and decline of the currency value of each unit of scientific publication. However, preprints are free of charge, whereas “US academic libraries paid $1.7 billion for serial subscriptions in 2008 alone. Library budgets, in contrast, are flat and not able to keep pace with serial price inflation” (Klein et al 2018).
  • With joint forces it will be possible to find solutions to the reproducibility crisis of scientific reports, the inflation crisis of scientific publication, and the value-impact crisis faced by the individual researcher.
  • Vale RD (2015) Accelerating scientific publication in biology. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 112:13439-46. - »Bioblast link«
Quotes: .. the major factor for ensuring quality is that the reputation of the investigator is at stake, and achieving a good reputation within the community is a primary motivating factor for scientists. Indeed, a preprint submission is immediately visible to the entire community whereas a journal submission is seen confidentially by only a couple of referees. .. Scientists take pride in their work and will be guided by their own internal standards in deciding when their work is ready to be released to the community. .. the paper can receive input (as this article has) from more than two or three referees, which could help authors correct flawed experiments/statements and help produce a better final product published in the journal. .. Journals then may be incentivized to look more toward quality than speed and seek to publish the definitive work that will stand the test of time ..
Quote: Preprints are a way in which a manuscript containing scientific results can be rapidly communicated from one scientist, or a group of scientists, to the entire scientific community.
Quote: Most physics papers published in Nature journals begin as preprints—manuscripts that scientists disseminate to their peers, typically via a preprint server, before they have been formally peer reviewed. This reflects the status quo in physics and computer science, where preprints have been widely used for decades, even before the popular preprint server arXiv was created in 1991. Preprints have yet to be embraced, however, by most biologists. ... we welcome the posting of preprints on accepted preprint servers such as bioRxiv and arXiv, or on an author’s website or blog. - NATURE METHODS| VOL.13 NO.4 |APRIL 2016 |277
  • Berg JM et al (2016) Preprints for the life sciences. Science 352:899-901. - »Bioblast link«
Quote: Ginsparg was emphatic that a preprint, because it has a time stamp and is publicly available, plays a key role in establishing priority of discovery.
  • Bhalla N (2016) Has the time come for preprints in biology? Mol Biol Cell 27:1185-7. - »Bioblast link«
  • Avasthi P, Soragni A, Bembenek JN (2018) Point of View: Journal clubs in the time of preprints. eLife 7:e38532. - »Bioblast link«
  • Tennant J, Bauin S, James S, Kant J (2019) The evolving preprint landscape: introductory report for the Knowledge Exchange working group on preprints. - »Bioblast link« - Preprint: Version of a research paper, typically prior to peer review and publication in a journal.

Quote: A preprint is a complete scientific manuscript that is uploaded by the authors to a public server. - ASAPbio preprint-info
Biology preprints over time
Preprint FAQ
Surveying the landscape of products and services for sharing preprints
PREreview seeks to diversify peer review in the academic community by crowdsourcing pre-publication feedback to improve the quality of published scientific output, and to train early-career researchers (ECRs) in how to review others' scientific work.
» MitoFit Preprint Archives
» - The Multidisciplinary Preprint Platform
» PeerJ Preprints
» OSF Preprints
» BioRxiv A preprint server for biology
» arXiv - Many years of solid experience with preprints established in mathematics and physics.

Preprint visibility

» Europe PMC
» Google Scholar preprints
» PrePubMed
» Scilit
» SHARE, from the Open Science Framework
» preLights - Preprint highlights selected by the biological community

MitoPedia topics: Preprints, Gentle Science