Rhodamine 123

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Bioblasts - Richard Altmann and MiPArt by Odra Noel
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Rhodamine 123


Rhodamine 123 (Rh123) is an extrinsic fluorophore and can be used as a probe to determine changes in mitochondrial membrane potential. Rh123 is a lipophilic cation that is accumulated by mitochondria in proportion to Δψmt. Using ethanol as the solvent, the excitation maximum is 511 nm and the emission maximum is 534 nm.The recommended excitation and emission wavelengths in PBS are 488 and 515-575 nm, respectively (Sigma-Aldrich).

Abbreviation: Rh123


Click to expand or collaps
» Keywords: Force and membrane potential
Fundamental relationships
» Force
» Affinity
» Flux
» Advancement
» Advancement per volume
» Stoichiometric number
mt-Membrane potential and protonmotive force
» Protonmotive force
» Mitochondrial membrane potential
» Chemical potential
» Faraday constant
» Format
» Uncoupler
» O2k-Catalogue: O2k-TPP+ ISE-Module
» O2k-Manual: MiPNet15.03 O2k-MultiSensor-ISE
» TPP - O2k-Procedures: Tetraphenylphosphonium
» Specifications: MiPNet15.08 TPP electrode
» Poster
» Unspecific binding of TPP+
» TPP+ inhibitory effect
» O2k-Catalogue: O2k-FluoRespirometer
» O2k-Manual: MiPNet22.11 O2k-FluoRespirometer manual
» Safranin - O2k-Procedures: MiPNet20.13 Safranin mt-membranepotential / Safranin
» TMRM - O2k-Procedures: TMRM
» O2k-Publications: mt-Membrane potential
» O2k-Publications: Coupling efficiency;uncoupling

Application in HRR

Life Technologies, R302, 25 mg, store at -20 °C, FW=380.83 g/mol

Preparation of 5 mM storage solution (dissolved in ethanol)
  1. Weight 1.9 mg of Rh123 and dissolve in 1 mL ethanol;
  2. Divide into 0.1 mL aliquots(use dark vials);
  3. Store at -20 °C.
Preparation of 0.2 mM stock solution
  1. Dilute a 100 µL aliquot 5 mM storage solution with 2400 µL ethanol to reach 2.5 mL final volume;
  2. Divide into 0.2 mL aliquots(use dark vials);
  3. Store at -20 °C.

Signal and output

  1. Signal: The O2k-Fluo LED2-Module is operated through the Amperometric (Amp)-Channel of the O2k, with electric current (ampere [A]) as the primary signal.
  2. Fluo-Sensor: Smart Fluo-Sensor Blue equipped with Filter Set Saf
  3. Output: The focus of the output with Rh123 is on Type III: Force, mt-membrane potential.

Rh123 with the O2k-FluoRespirometer: exploratory experiments

ImtB Rhodamine 123 S-Pathway.png

Figure 1. Coupling control and membrane potential. Brain isolated mitochondria were fueled with succinate (S-pathway control state) in presence of rotenone to inhibit complex I, displaying an accumulation of the dye according to their Δψmt in the LEAK state (hyperpolarization, Amp record shows a decrease). After the addition of ADP, the dissipation of the proton motive force by the ATP synthase leads to a decrease of the Δψmt (depolarization, Amp record shows an increase in the signal). The addition of the inhibitor for the ATP synthase oligomycin ( Omy, high concentration) promotes to reach again LEAK state and, as consequence, hyperpolarization of the membrane (Amp record shows an increase in the signal). Finally, upon addition of the uncoupler CCCP, the Δψmt collapses and the release of the Rhodamine123 from the mitochondria is associated with a decrease of fluorescence. Rhodamine 123 was used to measured the membrane potential and was calibrated before adding the sample in a step-wise titration (max. concentration 1µM). The optimum concentration of Rhodamine 123 to measure the membrane potential has to be tested in previous experiments.

MitoPedia methods: Fluorometry 

Labels: MiParea: Respiration, Instruments;methods 

HRR: Oxygraph-2k, O2k-Fluorometer, O2k-Protocol