SUIT-001 O2 pfi D002

From Bioblast

high-resolution terminology - matching measurements at high-resolution

SUIT-001 O2 pfi D002



Abbreviation: RP1 pfi

Reference: SUIT-001 - SUIT reference protocol Reference protocol RP1 for permeabilized fibers

SUIT number: D002_pfi;1PM;2D;2c;3U;4G;5S;6Oct;7Rot;8Gp;9Ama;10AsTm;11Azd

O2k-Application: O2

The SUIT-001 O2 pfi D002 protocol in combination with SUIT-002_O2_pfi_D006 is specially designed to provide a common reference for comparison of respiratory control of permeabilized fibers in a wide variety of species and tissues. SUIT-001 O2 pfi D002 gives information of the linear coupling control (L- P- E) with NADH linked-substrates (PM). Moreover, the pathway control in ET state (N, NS, FNS, S and SGp pathways) can be evaluated by using this SUIT protocol. SUIT-001 O2 pfi D002 can be extended with the CIV assay module. Permeabilized muscle fibers are sensitive to oxygen supply due to limited diffusion of oxygen to the fiber bundle core. To counteract this limitation, hyperoxic conditions (400-250 Β΅M O2) must be employed. To set the optimal oxygen concentration in the O2k-Chamber, see Setting the oxygen concentration.

Communicated by Doerrier C and Gnaiger E (last update 2020-09-03)

Representative traces

D002 O2 traces.png

MitoPedia: SUIT

Steps and respiratory states


Step State Pathway Q-junction Comment - Events (E) and Marks (M)
2c PMcP N CI 1PM;2D;2c
  • Respiratory stimulation by simultaneous action of type N substrates & succinate, with convergent electron flow in the NS-pathway for reconstitution of TCA cycle function.
  • Noncoupled electron transfer state, ET state, with ET capacity E.
6Oct OctPGMSE FNS FAO&CI&II 1PM;2D;3U;4G;5S;6Oct
  • Respiratory stimulation by simultaneous action of the F-pathway, N-pathway, and S-pathway, with convergent electron flow in the FNS-pathway for reconstitution of TCA cycle function and additive or inhibitory effect of F.
  • Noncoupled electron transfer state, ET state, with ET capacity E.
7Rot SE S CII 1PM;2D;3U;4G;5S;6Oct;7Rot
8Gp SGpE SGp CII&GpDH 1PM;2D;3U;4G;5S;6Oct;7Rot;8Gp
  • Respiratory stimulation by action of succinate and glycerophosphate, Gp, with convergent electron flow in the SGp-pathway (CII&GpDH-linked pathway to the Q-junction).
  • Noncoupled electron transfer state, ET state, with ET capacity E.
9Ama ROX 1PM;2D;3U;4G;5S;6Oct;7Rot;8Gp;9Ama
  • Rox is the residual oxygen consumption in the ROX state, due to oxidative side reactions, estimated after addition of antimycin A (inhibitor of CIII). Rox is subtracted from oxygen flux as a baseline for all respiratory states, to obtain mitochondrial respiration (mt).
Step Respiratory state Pathway control ET-Complex Comment
## Azd CHB


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Strengths and limitations

  • SUIT-001 in combination with SUIT-002 provides a common reference for comparison of respiratory control in a large variety of species, tissues and cell types. Both SUIT protocols provide a mitochondrial mapping which allows:
1. to obtain reference values.
2. to evaluate mitochondrial physiological diversity, generating a mt-database on comparative mitochondrial physiology.
3. to screen specific defects.
  • SUIT-001 and SUIT-002 are used in the MitoFit Proficiency test for inter-individual and inter-laboratory reproducibility quality control.
  • A succinate concentration of >10 mM may be required for saturating SE capacity.
+ Linear coupling control (L-P-E) with N substrates (PM).
+ Pathway control in ET state (N, NS, FNS, S and SGp pathways).
+ Harmonization with SUIT-002 allows to perform both SUIT protocols in parallel. The cross-linked respiratory states can be statistically used as repeated measurements.
+ In mtprep, SUIT-001 and SUIT-002 harmonize in: SGpE (8Gp in SUIT-001 and 10Rot in SUIT-002) and Complex IV.
+ Harmonization with many SUIT protocols (up to step 5S).
+ Oct is added in ET state to avoid uncoupler effect with fatty acids.
+ If NS- and FNS-pathways are similar (NSE ~ FNSE), the additivity index of N- and S-pathways in ET state can be evaluated.
+ This protocol can be extended with the Complex IV module.
- The substrate combination for maximum ET capacity (FNSGP) is not obtained in SUIT-001 in favour of measuring SE.
- Lengthy duration of the experiment.

Compare SUIT protocols

  • SUIT-004: Short version of RP1; without G, F and Gp.
  • SUIT-006: Very short initial coupling control module.

Chemicals and syringes

Step Chemical(s) and link(s) Comments
1PM Pyruvate (P) and Malate (M)
2D ADP (D)
2c Cytochrome c (c)
3U Carbonyl cyanide m-chlorophenyl hydrazone, CCCP (U) Can be substituted for other uncoupler
4G Glutamate (G)
5S Succinate (S)
6Oct Octanoylcarnitine (Oct)
7Rot Rotenone (Rot)
8Gp Glycerophosphate (Gp)
9Ama Antimycin A (Ama)
Step Chemical(s) and link(s) Comments
## AsTm Ascorbate (As) and TMPD (Tm)
## Azd Azide (Azd)
Suggested stock concentrations are shown in the specific DL-Protocol.


MiPNet21.06 SUIT RP2018-06-25
SUIT reference protocol for OXPHOS analysis by high-resolution respirometry.
Doerrier 2018 Methods Mol Biol2018Doerrier C, Garcia-Souza LF, Krumschnabel G, Wohlfarter Y, MΓ©szΓ‘ros AT, Gnaiger E (2018) High-Resolution FluoRespirometry and OXPHOS protocols for human cells, permeabilized fibers from small biopsies of muscle, and isolated mitochondria. Methods Mol Biol 1782:31-70.
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Skeletal muscle
Endothelial;epithelial;mesothelial cell
Blood cells

MitoPedia concepts: SUIT protocol, SUIT A, Find 

MitoPedia methods: Respirometry 

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