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Theall 2021 Physiol Rep

From Bioblast
Publications in the MiPMap
Theall B, Stampley J, Cho E, Granger J, Johannsen NM, Irving BA, Spielmann G (2021) Impact of acute exercise on peripheral blood mononuclear cells nutrient sensing and mitochondrial oxidative capacity in healthy young adults. Physiol Rep 9:e15147.

ยป PMID: 34889067 Open Access

Theall Bailey, Stampley James, Cho Eunhan, Granger Joshua, Johannsen Neil M, Irving Brian A, Spielmann Guillaume (2021) Physiol Rep

Abstract: Regular exercise is associated with changes in peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) proportions that have enhanced effector functions in young and old adults; however, the effects of acute exercise on PBMC nutrient sensors and metabolic function in active young adults is unknown. To fill this gap, activation status and nutrient-sensing mechanisms of PBMCs isolated from 21 healthy active adults (20-35 yr; 36.5 ยฑ 6.3 Vฬ‡O2peak ) were characterized before and after 30 min of moderate-to-vigorous cycling (65%-75% Vฬ‡O2peak ). In addition, changes in PBMC mitochondrial respiratory function in response to exercise were assessed using high-resolution respirometry. There was an increase in the number of activated CD69+/CD4 (79% increase) and CD69+/CD8 (166% increase) T-cells in response to the acute bout of exercise, while the nutrient-sensing mechanisms remained unchanged. PBMC mitochondrial respiration did not increase on a cell-per-cell basis, however, mitochondrial oxidative capacity (OXPHOS) increased at the tissue level (18.6 pmol/(s*ml blood) versus 29.3 pmol/(s*ml blood); p < 0.05) in response to acute exercise. Thus, this study shows that acute exercise preferentially mobilizes activated T-cells while concomitantly increasing PBMC mitochondrial oxidative capacity at the tissue level, rather than acutely changing mitochondrial oxidative capacity at the cellular level in young adults. โ€ข Keywords: PBMC, Acute exercise, Lymphocyte activation, Oxidative phosphorylation, Respiration โ€ข Bioblast editor: Plangger M โ€ข O2k-Network Lab: US LA Baton Rouge Irving BA

Labels: MiParea: Respiration, Exercise physiology;nutrition;life style 

Organism: Human  Tissue;cell: Blood cells  Preparation: Permeabilized cells, Intact cells 

Coupling state: LEAK, ROUTINE, OXPHOS, ET  Pathway: N, NS, ROX  HRR: Oxygraph-2k, O2k-Fluorometer 

2021-12, AmR, PBMCs