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Weidinger 2013 Front Physiol

From Bioblast
Publications in the MiPMap
Weidinger A, Dungel P, Perlinger M, Singer K, Ghebes C, Duvigneau JC, Müllebner A, Schäfer U, Redl H, Kozlov AV (2013) Experimental data suggesting that inflammation mediated rat liver mitochondrial dysfunction results from secondary hypoxia rather than from direct effects of inflammatory mediators. Front Physiol 4:138.

» fphys.2013.00138

Weidinger A, Dungel P, Perlinger M, Singer K, Ghebes C, Duvigneau JC, Muellebner A, Schaefer U, Redl H, Kozlov AV (2013) Front Physiol

Abstract: Systemic inflammatory response (SIR) comprises both direct effects of inflammatory mediators (IM) and indirect effects, such as secondary circulatory failure which results in tissue hypoxia (HOX). These two key components, SIR and HOX, cause multiple organ failure (MOF). Since HOX and IM occur and interact simultaneously in vivo, it is difficult to clarify their individual pathological impact. To eliminate this interaction, precision cut liver slices (PCLS) were used in this study aiming to dissect the effects of HOX and IM on mitochondrial function, integrity of cellular membrane, and the expression of genes associated with inflammation. HOX was induced by incubating PCLS or rat liver mitochondria at pO2 < 1% followed by reoxygenation (HOX/ROX model). Inflammatory injury was stimulated by incubating PCLS with IM (IM model). We found upregulation of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression only in the IM model, while heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1) expression was upregulated only in the HOX/ROX model. Elevated expression of interleukin 6 (IL-6) was found in both models reflecting converging pathways regulating the expression of this gene. Both models caused damage to hepatocytes resulting in the release of alanine aminotransferase (ALT). The leakage of aspartate aminotransferase (AST) was observed only during the hypoxic phase in the HOX/ROX model. The ROX phase of HOX, but not IM, drastically impaired mitochondrial electron supply via complex I and II. Additional experiments performed with isolated mitochondria showed that free iron, released during HOX, is likely a key prerequisite of mitochondrial dysfunction induced during the ROX phase. Our data suggests that mitochondrial dysfunction, previously observed in in vivo SIR-models, is the result of secondary circulatory failure inducing HOX rather than the result of a direct interaction of IM with liver cells. Keywords: Liver, Reoxygenation, Lipopolysaccharide, Cytokine, iNOS, IL-6, HO-1, Free iron

O2k-Network Lab: AT Vienna Kozlov AV

Labels: MiParea: Respiration, mt-Medicine, mt-Awareness  Pathology: Infectious  Stress:Ischemia-reperfusion  Organism: Rat 

Preparation: Isolated mitochondria 

Coupling state: OXPHOS  Pathway: N, S, ROX  HRR: Oxygraph-2k