MitoPedia | Terms and abbreviations | Concepts and methods | MitoPedia: SUIT | MiP and biochemistry | Preprints and history |
Motive unit
Description
The motive unit [MU] is the variable SI unit in which the motive entity (transformant) of a transformation is expressed, which depends on the energy transformation under study and on the chosen format. Fundamental MU for electrochemical transformations are:
- MU = x, for the particle or molecular format, N
- MU = mol, for the chemical or molar format, n
- MU = C, for the electrical format, e;
For the protonmotive force the motive entity is the proton with charge number z=1. The protonmotive force is expressed in the electrical or molar format with MU J/C=V or J/mol=Jol, respectively. The conjugated flows, I, are expressed in corresponding electrical or molar formats, C/s = A or mol/s, respectively.
The charge number, z, has to be considered in the conversion of motive units (compare Table below), if a change not only of units but a transition between the entity elementary charge and an entity with charge number different from unity is involved (e.g., O_{2} with z=4). The ratio of elementary charges per O_{2} molecule (z_{O2}=4) is multiplied by the elementary charge (e, coulombs per electron), which yields coulombs per O_{2} [C∙x^{-1}]. This in turn is multiplied with the Avogadro constant, N_{A} (O_{2} molecules per mole O_{2} [x∙mol^{-1}]), thus obtaining for ze∙N_{A} the ratio of elementary charges [C] per amount of O_{2} [mol^{-1}]. The conversion factor for O_{2} is 385.94132 C∙mmol^{-1}.
Abbreviation: MU
Communicated by Gnaiger E 2018-10-20
- » Keywords: SI base units
- Base quantities / SI base units
- » time / [second]
- » length / [meter]
- » mass / [kilogram]
- » electric current / [ampere]
- » thermodynamic temperature / [kelvin]
- » amount of substance / [mole]
- » luminous intensity / [candela]
- Fundamental relationships
- » Avogadro constant
- » Boltzmann constant
- » Faraday constant
- » elementary charge
- » gas constant
- » motive unit
- » number of entities
- Fundamental relationships
MitoPedia concepts:
Ergodynamics